Botox For Cervical Dystonia: Dysport, Xeomin and Myobloc Reviewed Too

botox treats cervical dystonia

Botox injections are a popular option to treat cervical dystonia. Botox is used because it contains botulinum toxin. Medical professionals around the world use similar products as well like Xeomin, Dysport and Myobloc.

Botulinum Toxin (BT) Therapy

The first study demonstrating the efficacy of BT type A in cervical dystonia was published in 1986. Subsequent studies have confirmed its efficacy and safety for multiple forms of dystonia, apart from CD. Denervation of the affected muscle using botulinum toxin injectables has become the treatment of choice for cervical dystonia. It has dramatically improved the prognosis and quality of life of patients with CD.

Botulinum toxin prevents neuromuscular transmission resulting in weakness of the targeted muscle. This is done by inhibiting the release of acetylcholine from nerve terminals. After injection of botulinum toxin, patients may experience clinical benefits within a couple of days, but optimum benefits occur between 2–6 weeks. Beyond this, the positive effects gradually wane. Average duration of benefits is between 10 and 16 weeks.

Recommended Botulinum toxin doses for cervical dystonia

 

Muscle

Botox

(units)

Dysport

(units)

Xeomin

(units)

Myobloc

(units)

Sternocleidomastoid

30–50

100–200

30–50

1,000–2,500

Splenius

50–60

200–300

50–60

2,500–5,000

Semispinalis

30–40

60–150

30–40

750–1,500

Upper trapezius

40–60

150–200

40–60

1,000–2,500

Levator scapulae

40–60

150–200

40–60

500–1,000

Scalene

30–50

100–200

30–50

500–1,000

 

 

Side Effects of Botulinum Toxin Therapy

Adverse events associated with BT are often dependent on individual patients, the injector’s expertise, and the total dose administered. About 20–30% of patients reported an occurrence of side effects per treatment cycle.

  • Dysphagia
  • Local neck pain
  • Neck muscle weakness
  • Dry mouth
  • Flu-like symptoms

Products Often Used For Cervical Dystonia

The majority of initial trials used botulinum toxin type A injections, while more recent studies have also demonstrated the efficacy of botulinum toxin type B, including those who have developed resistance to BT type A.

Botox

Botox is a prescription drug that is approved for treating abnormal head posture and neck pain associated with cervical dystonia. The neurotoxin type A in Botox works by blocking nerve signals that cause muscle spasms. This reduces muscle stiffness and tension.

Dysport

Dysport is another BT Type A preparation approved for treating cervical dystonia in adults. This prescription medication is injected into muscles to relieve CD symptoms. The safety of Dysport has not been established in CD patients under 18 years of age.

Xeomin

Xeomin is the third type A drug approved for treating cervical dystonia in adults. It works by inhibiting the release of neurotransmitter acetylcholine to temporary decrease muscle activity. This action reduces abnormal head position, neck spasms, and pain in CD patients.

Myobloc

Myobloc (Neurobloc) is the first and only botulinum type B product approved for treating cervical dystonia. It has been found to be effective in adult patients who do or do not respond to type A drugs. In contrast to BT type A products, Myobloc has a rapid onset of action and greater area of diffusion. However, it has a shorter duration of effect and slightly more painful when being injected.

In Short

As a result of overwhelming evidence, botulinum toxin therapy is now widely recognized as a first line of treatment for abnormal posture, muscle hypertrophy, and pain associated with cervical dystonia. In order to obtain optimal result, knowledge of individualized injection patterns, cervical anatomy, and CD classification is useful in better managing the disorder.

 



Note on community articles: These articles are not endorsed by DoctorMedica nore reviewed for medical accuracy. Similarly, views and opinions expressed are those of the author only. Articles are meant for informational purposes only. Ask your doctor for professional medical advice.

Note on articles: These articles are not endorsed by DoctorMedica nor reviewed for medical accuracy. Similarly, views and opinions expressed are those of the author only. Articles are meant for informational purposes only. Ask your doctor for professional medical advice.


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