Classification of Wrinkles
Wrinkles can be classified into 5 types, depending on their cause and location on the body:
- Compression wrinkles
- Athrophic crinkling rhytids
- Dynamic expression lines
- Permanent elastic creases
- Gravitational folds
Here is a quick overview on each of these type of wrinkles:
Compression wrinkles form during sleep. They are caused by facial distortion and are more commonly found on those who sleep face down. Mechanical forces from the pillow distort the face and lead to the formation of wrinkles. To prevent compression wrinkles, side sleeping, and stomach sleeping must be avoided. Specialty pillows that minimize facial distortion are also available.
Atrophic Crinkling Rhytids
These are wrinkles that form due to the weakening of supporting structures beneath the skin. They are most commonly found on the sides of face and on the decolletage. Atrophic crinkling rhytids are typically fine, parallel lines that are present at rest. Since this type of wrinkle is static, botulinum toxin is not an effective treatment. The best treatment plan is to delay the loss of collagen by limiting exposure to the sun. Laser treatments or chemical peels can also be used to smoothen the skin’s outer layers. As well, dermal fillers can also be used to restore volume to plump and smooth the skin.
Dynamic Expression Lines
Dynamic expressions lines are wrinkles that are formed through repetitive facial muscle movement. These lines start out as dynamic wrinkles, but they eventually become static. In addition, dynamic expression lines are often asymmetrical. However, since they are the most common type of wrinkles, many treatments have been developed for them. Dynamic expression lines are often treated using retinol, BHA and AHA creams, and dermal filler injectables.
Permanent Elastic Creases
These lines are often found on the cheeks, upper lip, and neck area. Loss of collagen and prolonged sun exposure are the usual culprits of permanent elastic crease formation. These wrinkles can be prevented by avoiding sun exposure and using sunscreen. It may also help to minimize habitual movements, such as looking down at a phone, that aid in the development of these creases. These lines can also be smoothed out using dermal fillers.
These wrinkles are mainly caused by gravity. They become more apparent when a person loses considerable weight. The most recognizable example of gravitational folds are nasolabial folds and marionette lines. While this type of wrinkle is harder to prevent, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight may help. In this case, you may also be eligible for a thread lift.